Two of the procedures mentioned in the suit were carried out in 2016 as part of an unsanctioned trial in the Caribbean island nation St. Kitts and Nevis that included testing on 20 people. “The Ministry of Health states categorically that neither the Cabinet, the Ministry of Health, the office of Chief Medical Officer nor the St. Kitts and Nevis Medical Board has ever been approached on this project,” the country’s government noted afterwards (via Kaiser Health News). “By extension, none of these agencies has approved such a venture.”
The third procedure was performed in a hotel in Illinois, without the oversight of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Kaiser Health News notes that Rational Vaccines, which Halford cofounded with filmmaker Agustín Fernández III in 2015, has not responded to request for comment on the most recent development, but has previously said it plans to continue testing the vaccine and working toward eventual FDA approval.
Meanwhile, Southern Illinois University is proceeding with a misconduct investigation relating to Halford’s research, and possible complicity among his colleagues.